State of Assam / AsomCapital: Dispur
Area: 78,438 sq km
Date of Formation: 26 Jan 1950 The arrival of Ahoms in 1228 AD and their regin for 6 centuries was the turning point in Asoma history Asoma (Sanskrit) means unparalleled.
Neighbouring States: Megalaya, Arunachal Prades, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, West Bengal, Bhutan, Bangladesh.
Population: 31,169,272, Males: 15,954,927, Females:15,214,345, Sex-ratio: 954, Density: 397, Decadal growth: 16,93%, Literacy: 19,507,017 (t73.18% m 78.81% f.67.27%).
No of Districts: 27, Villages: 25,124, Towns: 125.
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature Unicameral, Assembly Seats: 126, Parliament: Lok Sabha seats: 14(11+1+2), Rajya Sabha Seats:7.
Main Political Parties: INC,AGP, BJP, NCP, Trinamool Congress, Samata Party Samajwadi Party.
Seat of High Court: Guwahati.
Chief Languages: Asomese, Bengali, Bodo, Mishing, Karbi, Ramling, it is mainly a combination of indo European and indo Mongolian or Tibeto-Burmese languages.
Major Religions: Hinduism, lslamic, Buddhism.
Main Towns: Guwahati, Disput, Nagaon, Tezpur, Dhuburi, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Karimganj, Tinsukia, Diphu, Dhemaj, Silchar, Marigaon, Barpeta, Goalpara, Bongaigaon, Nalbari, Dhubri, North Lakhimpur.
Geography: it is a meeting point of Caucasoids and Mongoloids.
(a) Rivers: Brahmaputra Manas, Sonai, Subansiri.
(b) Mountains: Mikir Hills, Rengam Hills, Barail Range.
(c) Wildlife: Kaziranga National Park-Golaghat (famous for rhinos and elephants) Manas National Park-Barpeta, Nameri National Park-Sonitpur, Pobitora Wilde life Sanctuary- Morigaon, Dibru Ssaikhow National park-Tinsukia, Laokhowa Wilde life Sanctuary -Nagaon, Pobha Wilde life Sanctuary -N Lakhimpur, Orang Wilde life Sanctuary -Sonitpur.
(a) Minerals: Oil and natural gas, coal, limestone.
(b) Industries: Agro industries, refinery, cottage, handicraft, silk.
(c) Agricultural Products: Rice, sugarcane, potato, Jute, tea, cotton, orange, oilseeds, pineapple.
Teansport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 37.515 km. NH-2836 km
(b) Railway Length: 2,284.28 km
(c) Main railway Stations: New Bangaigaon, Lumding, Jorhat, Dispur, Rangia, Maligaon.
(d) Airports: LG Bordoloi Airport-Guwahati, Kumbhrigram-Silcar, Salonibari-Tezpur, Rawriah-Jorhat, N.Lakhimpur, Mohanbari-Dibrugarh, and Silonibari- N.Lakhimpur.
Temples: Kamakhya temple (Nilachal hills), Umananda mandir (Peacock is ), Navagraha mandir (Chitrachal hill).
Shopping: Sualkuchi (famous for muga silks, endi and pat). Handicrafts: Cane, brass, bamboo articles and metal crafts Asom is famous for varities of silk, clay dolls, mattresses, pottery, bangles, woodworks, etc.
Culture: (a) Dances: Magh Bihu, Rongali Bihu, Bohag Bihu, kongali. (b) Festivals: Baisakhi.