State of BiharCapital: Patna
Area: 94,163 sq km
Date of Creation: 15 Aug, 1947 Province: 26 Jan. 1950 state (until 1956: part (A)
Neighbouring States: Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. Country: Nepal.
Population: 103,804,637, Males: 54,185,347, Females: 49,619,290, Sex-ration: 916, Density: 1,102, Decadal growth: 25.07%, Literacy: 54.390,254 (Total 63.82%, Male 73.39%, Female 53.33%).
No of Districts: 38, Villages: 39,015, Towns: 130
Legislative Bodies: State Legislature-Bicameral, Assembly Seats: 243, Legis Council: 95, Parliament: Lok Sabha seats: 40(34+6+0), Rajya Sabha Seats: 16
Main Political Parties: BJP-Bharatiya Janata Party, Rashtrya Janata Dal, INC, CPI, BSP, CPI (M), Janata Dal (United), Samajwaadi Party, Lok Jan Shakti Party.
Seat of High Court: Patna.
Chief Languages: Hindi, Urdhu, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Angika, Maithili.
Major Religions: Hindusim, lslam, Buddhism, Christianity.
Main Towns: Patna, Gaya, Biharsharif, Bhagalpur, Purnia, Muzaffarpur, Bettah, Motihari , Siwan, Munger, Bhagalpur, Araria, Arrah, Chhapra, Sasaram, Buxar, Darbhanga, Raxaul.
(a) Rivers: Ganga, Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Son, Saryu (Ghaghara), Kosi, Kamla, Panar, Saura, Lakhandai, Keul, Ghuari, Pun-pun.
(b) Mountains: Mandargiri Hills, Mirzapur, Kharagpur, Rajgir, Bapabar Hills, Kaimur Plateau, Nawada Upland:
(c) Plains North Bihar Plains South Bihar Plains, Motihari, Lower Son, Bettiah, Saran, Sitamarhi, Saharsa, Aaria, Madhubani, Dharmapuri, Katihar, Bhagalpur.
(d) Valmiki N.Park. Forest: 7.1 %.
(a) Minerals: llmenite, Kaolin, Limestone, Mice, fuller’s earth,
(b) Industries: cotton spinning mills, sugar mills, jute mills and leather industries:
(c) Agricultural Products: rice, wheat, cash crops like sugarcane, oilseeds, maize and pulses, potato, tobacco and jute.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 46107km (in 2001)NH-3734km, SH-3989km
(b) Main Railway Stations: Patna, Gaya,Muzaffarpur, Samastipur, Barauni, Katihar, Siwan
(d) Airport: Patna.
(a) Dances: Seraikella
(b) Festivals: Chhath, tribal-Sarthul Karam.
<< Back to Main List
<< Back to Main List