State of Gujarat
Area: 196,024 sq km
Date of Formation: 1 May 1960
Naighbouring States/ UT: Rajasthan, Maharashtra, MP, Daman-Diu Dadra Nagar Haveli. Country: Pakistan, Sea: Arabian Sea.
Population: 60,383,628, Males: 31,482,282, Females: 28,901,346, Sex-ratio: 918, Density: 308, Decadal growth: 19.17%, Literacy: 41,948,677 (total 79.31%, male 87.23%, female 70.73%.).
No of Districts: 26, Villages: 18,066, Towns: 242
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral, Assembly Seats: 182, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 26(20+2+4), Rajya Sabha Seats:11
Main Political Parties: BJP, INC, JD
Seat of High Court: Ahmedabad
Chief Language: Gujarati
Major Religions: Hinduism, Islam
Main Towns: Ahaedabad, Vadodara,Bhavnagar, Bguj, Surat, Jamnagar, Kandla, Mehsana, Porbandar, Rajkot.
(a) Rivers: Mahi, Sabarmati, Narmada, and Tapti. Smaller rivers like Banas, Sarawati and Damanganga
(b) Mountains: Gir Range, Barda Hills Girnar Hills.
(c)National Parks: Gir NP-asiatic lion, Pirotan Marine National Lark-known for corals and fish, Wild Ass Sanctuary-Rann of Kutchch, Nal Sarovar Bird Santuary, Ratanal & Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary- Gujarat-MP border,Velavadhar NP, Vansda NP.
(d) Beaches: Porbandar, Chorwad, Beyt Dwaraka, Somnath and Veraval, Mandvi near Delvada. Lrrigation: 64-88 lakh hectares.
(a) Minerals: petroleum oil, natural gas
(b) industries: Textiles, petrochemicals, inorganic chemicals (caustic soda, soda ash), drugs, pharmaceuticals, electronic and electrical goods, cement, machine tools, oil refinery, sugar, oil etc.
(c) Agricultural Products: Jowar, rice wheat, bananas, tobacco cotton, bajra, groundnut isabgol, maize, sugarcane, mangoes.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 74038 km
(b) Main Railway Stations: Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bharuch, Valsad, Navsar, Surat, Dahod, Nadiad, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Jamnagar, Rajkot, Mehsana, Himatnagar, Palanpur
(c) Airports: Ahmedabad International Vadodara Bhavnagar: Bhuj, Surat, Jamnagar, Rajkot
(d) Port: Kandla.
Shrines: Modhera Sun temple- Mehsana, Hatheesing Jain Temple, Bhadreshwar Jain pilgrimage, Shamlaji- famous Vaishnava temple Jama Masjid, Rani Rupmati mosque, Akshardham temple-made of sandstone, Parsees Fire temple-Udwada.
Historic Placas: Adlaj Vav (world’s most famous elaborated well)- Gandhinagar,, Patan-remains of Solanki dynasty, Lothal and Dholavira-remains of Harrappan civilization, Raniki Vav-built by Udayamati queen of Bhimdevaa 1 between 1022 and 1063, Uperkot Fort-built by yadavas.
Shopping: Patola saris, cholis, chakla, bead-embroidered ghagras, tondris, zari, chandrawas, block printed textiles, clay painting, hand painted fabrics, Namdas-felt embroidered with wool.
(a) Dances: Garba (Lasya Nrity) and Dandia Ras (Ras Leela, folk), Tippani (women labourers): (b) Festivals: Janmastami,-Dwarka and Dakor, Mahavir Jayanti-Palitana, International Kite Festival-Jan, Makar Sankranti, Navratri-Sep/Oct, Tharnetar fair (Aug-Sept), Madhavrai fair-Porbandar (Mar-April), Ambaji fair-Banaskanta dist Shamalji fair, Dangi durbar-March,etc.
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