State of JharkhandCapital: Ranchi
Area: 79,714 sq km
Date of Formation: 15 Nov 2000 (State created from part of Bihar)
Neighbouring States: Bihar, UP,Chhatisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal.
Population: 32, 966,238, Males: 16,931,688, Females: 16,034,550, Sex-ratio: 947, Density: 414, Decadal growth: 22.34, Literacy: 18,753,660 (total 67.63%, male 78.45%, female 56.21%).
No of Districts: 24, Villages: 29,354, Towns: 152
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 81, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 14 (8+1+5), Rajya Sabha Seats:6
Main Political Parties: BJP, INC, NCP, JMM, RJD, JD-United, All, India Forward Block, CPI-ML, Jharkhand Students Union, Jharkhand Party.
Seat of High Court: Ranchi.
Chief Languages: Hindi, Urdu, Kurmati, Santhali, Ho, Kuruk, Bengali.
Major Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Budhism.
Main Towns: Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Daltongani, Singhbhum, Deogarh, Dumka, Hazaribagh,Chaibasa, Gumal, Garwa, Giridih.
(a) Rivers: Sankh, South Koel Damodar, Subarnarekha, Barakat
(b) Mountains: Chotaanagpur Plateau, Hazaribagh Plateau, Rajmagal Hills, Parasnth (1366m)
(c) Reservoir: Tilaiyaa, Konar, Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar
(d) National Park: Palamau N.Park, Hazaribagh, N.Park, Cultivation: 18kh hectare irrigations 8% of land area. Forest area 18423sq km.
Economy: State of Jharkhand’s economy sustains by heavy industry and mining. It is India’s 2nd most important source of coal mining 26 per cent of the total in minerals, Jharkhand is probably India’s richest state Jharkhand has rich reserves of iron ore and coal and numerous industries. The 2 major steel plants of India are located in Jharkhand: at Jamshedpur and Bokaro
(a) Minerals: iron ore and coal
(b) Industries: heavy industries and Steel minings.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 4,311km, including 1,500km NH and 2,711km, SH
(b) Main Railway Stations: Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, Muri, Deogarh
(c) Airports: Ranchi Jamshedpur.
Tourism: Attraction include Deoghar, home to a complex of 22 temples, Parasnath, the highest hill and the chariot shaped Sun temple.
(a) Dances: Chhau
(b) Festivals: Chhath, Diwali, ld, Buddha Purnima, Durga Puja. Tribal Festivals: Sarhul, Bandna, SSohraj and Dasai.
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