State of KarnatakaCapital: Bangaluru
Area: 1,91,791 sq km
Date of Formation: 15 Aug 1947 Mysore state (1950-56, part (b), 1 Nov 1873 Renamed Karnataka.
Neighbouring States: Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra, AP, Tamil Nadu. Sea: Arabian Sea.
Population: 61,130,704, Males: 31,057,742 Females: 30,072,962, Sex-ratio: 968, Density: 319, Decadal growth: 15.67%. Literacy: 41,029,323, (total 75.60%, male 82.85%, female 68.13%)
No of Districts: 30, Villages: 27,481: Towns: 270
Legislative Bodies: State Legislature-Bicameral: Assembly Seats 224, Legislative Council-75, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 28 (21+5+2), Rajya Sabha Seats: 12
Main Political Parties: BJP, INC,JD (S), JD (U), CPI-M, Kannada Nadu Paksha, Kanada Chaluvali Vatal Paksha.
Seat of High Court: Bengaluru
Chief Languages: Kannada
Major Religions: Hindu, lslam, Christianity
Main Towns: Bengaluru, Bidar, Gulbarga, Bijapur, Belgaum, Dharwad, Hubli, Raichur, Bellary, Shimoga, Tumkur, Hassan, Davanagere. Udupi.
Geography: Location (degrees): 11.31 & 18.14 N-74.12&78.10
(a) Rivers: Krishna, Tungabhadra, Cauvery, Kabini
(b) Mountains: Western Ghats Chitradurga Hills, Mysore Plateau, Biligiri Rangan Hills, Namdi Hills, Gokak Hills, Badami Hills.
(c) National Park: Bandipur Wildlife Sanctuary.
(a) Minerals: Gold silver, iron ore, copper, chromite, magnesite, corundum, garnet, limestone
(b) lndustries: Aircraft, electronics, software, telecomequipment, alloy steel, machine tools, watches, porcelain, automobiles, etc
(c) Agricultural Products: Jowar, sunflower, bajra, ragi, rice, maize, groundnut, mulberry, coconut, potato, watermelon, grapes etc,. 46% people are engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Horticulture: 15.81 lakh hectares. lnstalled capacity of power: 5836MW, Rural electrification: 100% Software exports: 35% of India’s exports.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road. Length: 2,15,849 km: NH-3967km: SH-9590km
(b) Railway Length: 3172km The konkan Railway the new rail ilnk between Mumbai and Mangalore was dedicated to the nation on May 1,1998
(c) Main Railway: Stations Bengaluru, Mysore, Belgaum, Hosur, Hassan, Mandya, Tumkur, Bellary, Hubli, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Dharwad
(d) Airporst: Bengaluru-Devanahali, Belgaum, Mangalore, Hubli.
(e) Port: New Mangalore port is the main all-weather seaport.
Adventure Sports: Ramangaram- rockclimbing-50 km from Bengaluru, Honnemardu on Sharavathy-coracle rafting,canoeing and wind surfing, Cauvery Fishing Camp-82km from Mysore for anglers, Kudremukh and Kemmangudi-trekking.
Culture: Festivals: Mysore Dussera, Karaga, Ugadi (Kannada New Year), Diwali, kar Hunive, Navaratri, Yellu Amavasya, Ramzan.
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