State of Kerala-Map-Population-Beaches-Tourism-Culture-Info etc,

State of Kerala

Capital: Thiruvananthapuram
kerala-logo-emblem-seal

Area: 38,863 sq km

Date of Formation: 1st Nov. 1956

Neighboring States/UTs: Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Lakshdweep Is.

Population: 33.387,677, Males: 16,021,290, Females: 17,366,387, Sex-ration: 1,084, Density: 859, Decadal growth: 4.86%, Literacy: 28,234,227 (Males: 13,755,888 females: 14,478,339, 93.91), 

No of Districts: 14, Villages: 1364, Towns: 159
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 140 (excluding nomination): Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 20 (18+2+0): Rajya Sabha Seats:9

Main Political Party: INC, CPI-M, Muslim league Kerala State Committe, Kerala Congress (M), Kerala Congress, CPI, JD(S), Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala, Kerala Congress (b), Kerala Congress (J), CMP, Democratic Indira Congress, NCP.

Seat of High Court: Kochi

Chief Languages: Malayalam

Major Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianiity.

Main Towns: Thiruvananthpuram, Kochi Kozhikode, Trissur, Kannur, Kottayam, Kolam, Allapuzha, Palakkad, Malappuram, Pathanamthitta.

Geography:
(a) Rivers (km): Bharatapuzha, also called Nila-209, Periyar-244, Pamba-176, Chaliyar-169, Kadaundi & Chalakudy-130, Achenkovil-128, Kalada, Muvatupuzha-121: (Total 44 rivers-out of which 41 are west flowing and 3 eastward-Pambar, Bhawani and Kabani)
(b) Mountains: Anmala (8841 ft, the Highest), Karinkulam (8455ft), Mukutti (8330ft), Devimala (8273 ft) Highest Peak-Anamudi 2695 msl.
(c) Lakes (sq km): Vemband-205, Kayamakulam-51, Ashtamudi-50 Anjuthengu-20, Fresh water lake (sq km)- Shastamcota-3.7 Vellayni, and Pookat
(d) Beaches: Kovalam, Varkala, Vizhinjam, Shankumkham-Trvandrum, Muzhapilangad and Payyambalam-Kannur, Kapad-Kozhikode.
(e) Hill Stations: Munnar Nelliyampathy.
(f) Backwaters: Alapuzha, Kollam, Veli, Kochi, Kumarakom-Kottayam
(g) Wildlife: Eravikulam National Park-known for Nilgiri Tahr, Periyar N.Park, Parambikulam N.Park, Silent Valley, Peppara N.Park.
(h) Waterfalls: Palaruvi, Athirapalli, Vazhachal.

Economy:
(a) Minerals: llmenite, Rutile, kaolin, Limestone
(b) Industries: Coir and cashew are 2 large industries Handloom and bamboo-based industries are well-developed kerala accounts for about 1/3 of India’s marine exports, Software development field and export is picking up
(c) Agricultural Products: The state has progressive in commercial agriculture more than food crops. Consequently the state is in shortage of food grains. State of Kerala accounts for 91% of India’s rubber, 70% of coconut, 60% of tapioca and nearly 100% of lemon grass oil. Kerala is the sole largest producer of a sum of other crops like banana & ginger, moreover tea and coffee in abundance. 50% people engaged in agriculture field.

Main Irrigation Projects: Malampuzha, Chalakkudy, Peechi, Pamba, Periyar, Chitoorpuzha, Kuttiyadi, Neyyar, Chimmini.

Main Power Projects: ldukki Hy, Pallivasal Hy, Chenkulam Hy, peringalkut Hy, Neriyamangalam Hy, Paniyar Hy, Sabarigiri Hy, Sholayar Hy, Brahmapuram Diesel, Kanjikode Wind farm, Kozhikode Diesel, Kayamakulam Thermal Power plant.

Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 1.61 lakhs kms
(b) Railway Length: 1,148 kms
(c) Main Railway Stations: Thiruvananthpuram, Kollam, Chenganur, Thiruvalla, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Trissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode, Kannur, Kasargod
(d) Airports: Thiruvananthapuram, Nedumbassery (Kochi-India’s first private airport, was opened in June, 99), and Karipur. Port: Kochi
(e) Inland waterways: 1687 kms.

Education: The first fully literate municipal town (Kottayam-1989), and district (Ernakulam-1990) in India are in Kerala. Ln 1991, Kerala became the first fully literate state in India with literacy among adults: 89.9%.

Culture: 
(a) Dances: Kathakali, Theyyam, Thullal, Margamkalli, Mohiniattam, Oppana
(b) Festivals: Onam, Vishu, Ramzan, Christmas, Aluva Shivratri.

Famous Shrines: Jewish Synagogue (Mattancherry, Kochi)-St Francis Church-Kochi, Padmanabhaswamy temple-Trivandrum, Ayyappa temple-Sabarimala, Guruvayoor (Lord Krishna shrine)- Trivandrum, Methala mosque, Malik Dinar Mosque, St Thomas Memorial Church-Kodungalloor, St Thomas Church-Malayatoor, Mannarasala temple-Harippad, Parimala Church, and Kalady (the birthplace of Sri Sankaracharya.
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Posted by - Blog Author: 12:11 PM Last Updated at: 12:11 PM

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