State of Madhya Pradesh
Area: 3,08,000 sq km
Date of Formation: 1 No. 1956
Neighboring States: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, UP, Chhattisgarh
Population: 72,597,565, Males: 37,612,920, Females: 34,984,645, Sex-ratio: 930, Density: 236, Decadal growth: 20.30%. Literacy: 43,827,193 (total 70.63%, male 80.53%, female 60.02%).
No of Districts: 50, Villages: 52.117, Towns: 394
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 230 (excluding nomination), Parliament: Lokshaba Seats: 29 (19+4+6), Rajya Sabha: 11
Main Political Parties: BJP, INC, Samajwadi Party, BSP, CPI-M, NCP, JD-U
Seat of High Court: Jabalpur and benches at Indore and Gwalior.
Chief Languages: Hindi
Major Religions: Hinduism, Isalam, Budhism
Main Towns: Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Sagar, Rewa, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Bhind, Ratlam, Balaghat, Betul, Seoni, Shajapur, Sagar, Gunaltarsi, Shivpuri, Morena, Guna, Chindwara, katni, Mandla, Umaria, Shahdol, Vidhisha.
(a) Rivers: Narmada, Chambal, Sindh, Betwa, Ken, Son, Tapi
(b) Mountains: Vindhya Range, Satpura Range, Malwa Plateau, Kaimur Hills, Maikala Range, Mahadeo Hills
(c) National Park/ Sanctuary: Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Madhav, Karera Bied Sanctuary (Great Indian Bustand), Indravati tiger reserve: Dhuandhar Fall (Bhed-aghat) and Marble rock-Jabalpur: Irrigation: 6.19 million hectares.
(a) Minerals: diamond dolomite, limestone, bauxite, iron-ore, copper, coal, lead, tin, rock phosphate, traditional handicraft and handloom
(b) Industries: Heavy electrical, refractories, Security Paper mill, sugar, newsprint, Govt. Mint, steel casting, electronics, textile machinery, automobiles, optical fiber, rerolling, drugs, industrial gases, synthetics, engineering tools, chemical fertilizers, solvent extraction
(c) Agricultural Products: Rice gram, cotton, oilseeds, pulses, Jowar wheat, soya bean, sugarcane. 75% of people are engaged in agriculture.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 73311km. NH 4280km, SH 8729km
(b) Main Railway Stations: Bhopal, Bina, Gwalior, Indore. Ltarsi, Jabalpur, Katani, Ratlam and Ujjain
(c) Airports: Indore, Gwalior, Khajuraho and Bhopal.
Famous Temple towns: Maheshwar, Chitrakoot Orchha, Omkareshwar, Ujjain, Khajuraho, Amarkantak, Bhojpur, Udaypur.
Archaeological Sites: Bhimbetka, Satna, Sanchi stupas (Buddhist), Vidsha, Mandsaur.
(a) Dances: Gaur-bison hunt dance
(b) Festivals: Tan Sen Music Festival-Gwalior: Ustad Allauddin Festival-Maihar: Kalidas Samaroh- Ujjain: Festival of Dances-Khajuraho, Bhagoriya- Jhabua(tribal), Holi, Sravan Somvar, Diwali, Id, Dussehra, Shivratri-Khaju-raho, Bhojpur, Pachmarhi, Ujjain: Ramnavami-Chitrakoot, Orcha, Malwa, Pachmarhi.
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