State of MaharashtraCapital: Mumbai
Area: 3,07,713 sq km
Date of Creation: The state of Bombay was split into Maharashtra and Gujarat on May 1,1960, Maharashtra retaining the old capital Bombay.
Neighboring States: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh. Sea: Arabian Sea.
Population: 112,372,972, Males: 58,361.397, Females: 54,011,575, Sex-ratio: 925, Density: 365, Decadal growth: 15.99%, Literacy: 82,512,225 (total 82.91%, male 89.82%, female 75.48%).
No of Districts: 35, Villages: 41,095, Towns: 378
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Bicameral: Assembly Seats: 289 (1 nomination), Legislative Council: 78, Legislative Assembly: 288, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 48 (39+5+4), Rajya Sabha Seats: 19
Main Political Parties: BJP, NCP, Indian National Congresss, Shiv Sena, CPI-M, Jan Surajya Sharti, Peasant and Workers Party of India, Akhil Bharatiya Sena.
Seat of High Court: Mumbai High Court (High court benches in three cities at Nagpur, Panaji and Aurangabad)
Chief Languages: Marathi
Major Religions: Hinduism, lsalam, Jainism, Parsi, Christianity.
Main Towns: Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Thane, Nashik, Nappur, Ahmednagar, Sholapur, Jalgaon, Kholapur, Aurangabad, Satara, Sangli, Amravati, Buldhana, Beed, Raigad, Chandrapur, Latur, Yavatmal.
(a) Rivers: Godavari, Penganga Manjra, Bhima, Varna, Panjhra, Wardha, Wainganga, Purna, Dudhana, Pravara, Mula, Ghod,Sina, Tirna
(b) Mountains:Ajanta Range, Harishchandra Range, Balaghat Range, Satmala Hills, Gawligarh Hills, Maha baleshwar, Kalsunai
(c) Lakes: Beale, Tansa, Andhra, Mulshi, Koyna Reservoir.
(d) National Park: Nawegon, Pench Taroba, Sanctuaries: Nagzira, Tousa, Yawal, Doe Devlagaon.
(a) Minerals: Coal, iron ore, Manganese, Chromite, Bauxite, Oil & Natural Gas
(b) Industries: Major industries are chemicals and related products, textiles, electrical and non-electrical machinery and petroleum and allied products steel and iron castings, plastic ware and machine tools,. Santa Cruz Electronics Exports Processing Zone (SEEPZ), is a free trade zone for cent percent export. India’s first gold refinery is at Shirpur. The growth of offshore Oil fields at Mumbai High and the nearby Bassein North Oil Fields have contributed greatly to the industrial development of the state
(c) Agricultural Products: Main food crops: wheat, rice, jowar, bajra, and pulses. Cash crops: cotton, Alphonso mangoes, sugarcane, groundnut and tobacco. Cavendish bananas, Thomson seedless grapes and soft seeded pomegranates are the state’s produce.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 2.66 lakh km. consisting of 4267km. of national highways, 33,406km. of state highways, 44,792km. of major district roads, and 97,913km of village roads
(b) Railway Length: 5,527km.
(c) Main Railway Stations: Chhatrapati Shivaji Railway Terminus (Victora Terminus -VT) station: Bandra, Thane, Vasai, Khurd, Pune, Solapur, Satara, Jalgaon, Bhusaval, Nagpur, Kholapur, Kudal
(d) Airports: Mumbai. There are four airpots under the control of international Airport Authority or Airport Authority of India
(e) Port: Mumbai.
Forts: Pratepqarh, Daulatabad, Shivneri, Vijaydurg, Sindhdurg, Jabjira.
(a) Dances: Tamasha and Lavni (folk drama)
(b) Festivals: Ganesh Chaturthi
(c) Craft: Paithani, Chandrakala, Pasodi, Ghongodi, Dharwadi and brocade sarees, silk-bordered dhotis, himru and bidri work, terracotta pottery, copper and zinc vessels etc.
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