State of Odisha / Orissa
Area: 155,707 sq km
Date of Formation: 15 Aug 1947 Province
Neighboring States: Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal. Sea: Bay of Bengal.
Population: 41,947,358, Males: 21,201,678, Females: 20,745,680, Sex-ratio: 978, Density: 269, Decadal growth: 13,97%, Literacy: 27,112,376 (total 73.45%, male 82.40%, female 64.36%).
No of Districts: 30, Villages: 47,529, Towns: 138
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 147, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 21 (13+3+5), Rajya Sabha Seats: 10
Main Political Parties: INC, Biju Janatadal, Indian National Congresss, BJP, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, Odisha Gana Parishad, CPI, CPI-M
Seat of High Court: Cuttack
Chief Languages: Odiya (Oriya)
Major Religions: Hinduismm, Jainism, Islam
Main Towns: Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Chhatrapur, Puri, Sambalpur, Bolangir, Jharsuguda, Baragarh, Koraput, Rourkela, Balasore, Baripada, Berhampur, Bhadrak, Nabrangpur, Rayagada, Bhawanipatna, Phulbani, Dhenkanal, Kendrapara, Keonjhar, Konark, Sundargarh.
(a) Rivers: Mahandi, Brahmani, Baitarani, Tel, Pushikulya, Sabari
(b) Mountains: Garhjat Hills, Mahendra Giri
(c) Lake/Reservoir: Hirakud, Balimela, Chilka (The largest and the utmost famous lake in Odisha is the Chilka. It is 64km long and 16 to 20km wide. There are two lovely islands in the lake namely Parikud and Malud). Hirakud Dam, the 4th largest in the world, on Mahanadi is one more attraction. Chika, the largest brackish water inland lake in Asia, stretches over an extent of 1100sq. km
(d) National Parks: The biggest Lion Safari of India and the only White Tiger Safari in the World are situated on the outskirts of Bhubaneswar.
(a) Minerals: Chromite, bauxite, dolomite, graphite, iron-ore, coal, copper, kaolin, lead, quartzite, steatite and tin
(b) Agricultural Products: 64% of the working population is dependent on agriculture. The state contributes one-tenth (1/10) of the rice production in India. Rice, pulses, oil-seeds, jute, Mesta, sugarcane (the main cash crop) coconut and turmeric are important crops.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 3596km NH, 29km state express highways, 3855 km SH
(b) Railway Length 2,339km- broad-gauge and 91km narrow-gauge lines
(c) Main Railway Stations: Bhubaneswar, Puri, Cuttack, Behrampur, Bolangir, Raurkela, Sambalpur
(d) Airports: Bhubaneswar. (e) Ports: Paradeep (major) and Gopalpur (all-weather)
(a) Dances: Odissi, the dance from of Odisha, developed in the shadow of the magnificent temples of the state. Dalkhai (tribal dance), Ghoomra. Ranapa and Chhadaya (folk dance)
(b) Festivals: Rath yatra (Puri Shraban Purnima, Ashokastami, Chandan yatra, Snana yatra and Konark festival
(c) Handioom products of silk and tussar, silver filigree work (tarkashi), Pat chitra paintings, golden glass work.
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