State of PunjabCapital: Chandigarh
Area: 50,362 sq km
Date of Formation: 15th August 1947, Province: 26th Jan 1950 State (until 1956: part (A)
Neighboring States: Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir. Country: Pakistan.
Population: 27,704,236, Male Population: 14,634, 819, Female population: 13,069,417, Sex ratio: 893, Density: 550, Decadal growth: 13,73%, Literacy:18,988,611 (total 76.68%, male 81,48%, female 71.34%).
No of Districts: 20, Villages: 12,278, Towns: 157
Legislative Bodies: Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 117: Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 13 (9+4+o), Rajya Sabha Seats:7
Main Political Parties: I.N.C, Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal) BJP, CPI.
Seat of High Court: Chandigarh
Chief Languages: Punjabi
Major Religions: Sikhism, Hinduism, Christianiity.
Main Towns: Amritsar, Ludhiana, Faridkot, Bathinda, Jalandhar, Patiala, Moga, Gurudaspur, Kapurthala, Pathankot, Ropar, Sangur, Taran.
(a) Rivers: Beas, Sutlej, Ravi
(b) Mountains: Hoshiarpur Choaland, Katar Dhar (Shiwalik Range), Chandigarh Choaland
(c) Plain Malwa, Sirhind, Manjha.
(a) Industries: The chief productions are sports goods, sugar, textiles, scientific instruments, sewing machines, starch, fertilizer, electrical goods, machine tools, bicycles and pine oil. A Science City is being set up at Jalandhar
(b) Agricultural Products: Wheat, rice, maize, bajra, jowar, barley, oilseeds, sugarcane, potato, cotton, pulses and tobacco.
Transport & Communication:
(a) Road Length: 70,528km, NH-1749km, SH-1462KM
(b) Railway Length: 3726.60km: (c) Main Railway Stations: Patiala Jalandhar, Amritsar, Bhatinda
(d) Airports: Rajajasansi international airport (Amritsar), Chandigarh, Patiala, and Ludhiana (Macchiwara, Sahnewal).
(a) Dances: Bhangra, Gidda and Thumar
(b) Festivals: Gurpurab, Lohri, Dussehra, Diwali, Hoal Mohalla (Anandpur Sahib), Rauza Sharif Urs (Sirhind), Baisakhi ( Talwandi Saboo), Chappar Mela, Sheikh Farid Agam Purb (Faridkot), Shaheedi Jor Mela (Sirhind), Harballah Sangeet Sammelan (Jalandhar)
(c) Crafts: Pulkari embroidery on bed sheets, durries, shawls, jerseys.
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