State of SikkimCapital: Gangtok
Area: 7,096 sq km
Date of Formation: 16 May 1975 State
Neighboring States: West Bengal, Countries: China, Nepal and Bhutan.
Population: 607,688, Males: 321,661, Females: 286,027, Sex-ratio: 889, Density: 86, Decadal growth: 12.36%.
No of Districts: 4, Villages: 450, Towns: 9
Legislative Bodies: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 32, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats:1, Rajya Sabha Seats:1
Main Political Parties: Sikkim Democratic Front, INC.
Seat of High Court: Gangtok
Chief Languages: Nepali, Lepcha, Bhutia, Hindi, Limbu.
Major Religions: Buddhism, Hinduism.
Main Towns: Gangtok, Gyalshing, Pemayangtse, Namchi, Lachen, Yunthang, Tashiding, Mangan, Jelep La, Rumtek.
(a) Rivers: Teesta, Rangit
(b) Mountains: Kanchenjunga-the highest peak in India is located here.
(c) Khan- gchend zonga National Park is one of the highest national parks in the world and includes the world’s third highest mountain (Kanchenjunga), Deorali is another N.Park. The yaks and the musk deers are animals found in Sikkim. There are over 4000 species of plants in the state.
(a) Minerals: Gold, silver, copper and also zinc
(b) Industries: There are units engaged in Tanning, watch assembling, food processing and distilleries, breweries and flour mill.
(c) Agricultural Products: The principal crops are paddy, millet, wheat, maize and barley, potatoes, apples, Orange and cardamom are also produced. Sikkim has the largest area and the top production of large cardamom in India Tea is grown in Sikkim. Sikkim is very rich in varieties of orchids.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 2,933km
(b) Main Railway Stations: No stations-the closest ones are Siliguri (114 km) and New Jalpaiguri (125 km)
(c) Airports: Gangtok, Bagdogra. A new Greenfield airport at Pakyong.
(a) Dances: Mask dances of Bhutias, Nepalis and Lepchas are famous
(b) Festivals: Maghey Sankranti, Durga Puja, Chaite Dasai (Nepali), Pang Lhabsol and Losar (Bhutias), Namsoong and Tendong Hlo Rum Faat (Lepctas)
(c) Crafts: Woollen carpest, with Tibetan desighs, rough blankets, saris, cane and bamboo works, wood carving, handmade paper and silver works.
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