State of Tamil NaduCapital: Chennai
Area: 1,30,058 sq km
Date of Formation: 15th August 1947 Madras province, 26 Jan 1950 State (until 1956: Part (A) 14 Jan, 1969 Renamed Tamil Nadu.
Neighboring States: Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry, Sea: Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal. Country: Sri Lanka.
Population: 72,138,958, Males: 36,158,871, Females: 35,980,087, Sex-ratio: 995, Density: 555, Decadal growth: 15.60%, Literacy: 52,413,116 (total 80.33%, male 86.81 %, female 73.86%).
No of Districts: 32, Village: 15,400: Town: 832
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 234 (excluding nomination), Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 40, Rajya Sabha Seats: 18
Main Political Parties: All India Dravida Munetra Kazhagam, Dravida Munetra Kazhagam, Tamil Manila Condress (Moopanar), Pattali Makal Katchi, INC, CPI-M, CPI, BJP, MDMK, DMDK.
Seat of High Court: Chennai.( A bench at Madurai).
Chief Languages: Tamil
Major Religions: Hinduism, Islamic, Christianity.
Main Towns: Chennai, Madurai, Avadi, Coimbatore, Ambattur, Erode, Vellore, Salem, Tanjavur, Cuddalore,, Tutucorin, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli, Neyveli, Udagamandalam, Nagercoil, Pudukotai, Thanjavur.
(a) Rivers: Palar, Kaveri, Meyar, Vaigai, Cheyyar, Bhavani, Ponniyar, Tamarapani, Chittar, Vellar, Suruli, Vaipar, Noyal etc
(b) Mountains: Along the whole length of the western part, is the range of the Westerm Ghats. The Palghat Gap is nearby 25km in width and is the only marked break in the great mountain wall. To the south side of this Palaghat Gap, the range is well-known Anamalai Hills (Elephant Hills). On the east side are the Palani Hills on which is located the famous hill station kodaikanal, ln the famous Ootacamund area of the Nilgiris District, highest peak Doddabette, 2640 meters above the sea level.
(a) Minerals: Magnesite, mica, quartz, feldspar, bauxite, gypsum, Lignite limestone
(b) Industries: Cotton textile, automobiles, chemical fertilizer, paper and paper related products, railway wagons and rail coaches, army tank, cement, iron & steel, computer PC peripherals and software
(c) Agricultural Products: Paddy/Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, ragi, pulses sugarcane, oilseed, cotton, chillies, coffee, tea, rubber, cardamom.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Legngth: 61641km
(b) Railway Length 3927km
(c) Main Railway Stations: Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapali, Coimbatore, Erode, Salem and Tirunelveli.
(d) Airports: Meenambakam international- Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirapali, Coimbatore, Salem
(e) Ports: Chennai and Thoo-thukudi (Tuticorin), Cuddalore, Naga-pattinam.
(a) Dances: Kalakshetra, Kolaattam, Kavadi, Bharathanatyam, Karagams
(b) Festivals: Pongal (harvest), Jallikattu (bull fight), Chitirai-Madurai, Adipperukku (on river banks during sowing season), Mahamagam fest, Dance festival-Mamalapuram, Kanthuri festival, Karthigai festival, Navaratri festival, Music Festival (December).
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