State of Rajasthan
Area: 3,42,239 sq km
Date of Formation: 1 Nov 1956 Rajasthan (full statehood): 25 Mar 1948 Rajasthan Union: 18 Apr 1948 United states of Rajasthan: 30 Apr 1949 United states of Greater Rajasthan (from 1950: Part (b).
Neighboring States: Gujarat, MP, UP, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Country: Pakistan.
Population: 68,621,012, Males: 35,620,086, Females: 33,000,926, Sex-ratio: 926, Density: 201, Decadal growth: 21,44%, Literacy: 38,970,500 (total 67.06%, male 80.51%, female 52.66%).
No of Districts: 33, Villages: 39,753: Towns: 222
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 200, Parliament:Lok Sabha Seats:25 (18+4+3), Rajya Sabha Seats:10
Main Political Parties: BJP, INC, Indian National Lok Dal, BSP, JD-U, CPI-M, Lok Jan Shakti Party, Rajasthan Samajik Nyaya Manch.
Seat of High Court: Jodhpur and a bench at jaipur.
Chief Languages: Rajasthani, Hindi, Gujarati.
Major Religions: Hinduism, Jainism, lslam
Main Towns: Jaipur, Kota, Tonk, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Ganganagar, Pali, Nagaur, Udaipur, Bhilwara, Sikar, Alwar, Sawai Madhopur, Jaisalmer, Ajmer, Chittorgarh, Jalor.
(a) Desert: Great Indian Desert (The Thar)
(b) Rivers: Luni, Banas, Kali Sindh, Chambal, Indira Gandhi Nahar (Canal)
(c) Mountains: Aravalli Range (Guru Shikhar Peak, 1722m), Sojat Hill, Mewar Hills, Alwar Hills, Mukandwara.
(d) Lakes/ Reservoirs: Gandhi Sagar, Sambhar Salt Lake, Gudha, Rana Pratap Sapar, Dhebar Lake, Mandor
(e) Wildlife Sariska Tiger Park-AI-war, keoladeo Ghana National Park.
(a) Minerals: emerald garnet, gypsum, asbestos, feldspar, mica, zinc concentrates, rock phosphate, silver ore, marble and red stone
(b) Industries: Textiles, rugged and woolen goods, sugar, cement manufacturing, glass, sodium, oxygen and acetylene divisions, pesticides, insecticides and dyes are some of the main industries. Other industries include the production of caustic soda, calcium carbide and nylon tyres cord and copper smelting. Marble work, Woollen carpets, jewelly, embroidery, articles of leather, pottery, and brass embossing. Rajasthan handicrafts are famous all over the World: (c) Agricultural Products: The principal crops are jowar, bajra, maize, wheat, grams, oilseeds, cotton, sugarcane and tobacco.
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Length: 1,88,534 km
(b) Railway Length 6228km
(c) Main Railway Stations: Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota Bikaner, Sawaai Madhopur, Bharatpur: (d) Airports: Jaipur, Jodhpur.
(a) Dances: Khayal (dance-music), Ghumar during Teej and Gangaur festivals, Panihari, Chari, Kachchi Ghori
(b) Festivals: Deepawali, Vijayadashami, Holi, Teej, Gangaur (Jaipur) Urs of Ajmer Sherif and Galiakot, Christmas
(c) Fairs: tribal Kumbh of Bene-shwar (Dungarpur), Ramdeora (Jaisalmer), Mahavir fair at Shri Mahavirji in Sawai Madhopur, Janbeshwari Fair (Mukam-Bikaner), Kartik Poornima and Cattle Fair (Pushkar-Ajmer) and Shyamji Fair (Sikar)
(d) Craft: Bandhin (tie and dye) work, block printing hand-knotted woolen carpets, massoria work, gharas kagzi pottery, pichwais (painting on cloth), phads (cloth scroll painting), and lacquer-works).
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