Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Area: 8,249 sq km
Date of Formation: 1 Nov, 1956-UT.
Neighboring States: Sea.
Population: 379,944, Males: 202,330, Females: 177,614, Sex-ratio: 878, Density: 46, Decadal growth: 6.68%, Literacy: 293.695, (total 86.27%, male 90.11%, female 81.84%).
Until the Colonization of India, Andaman Islands were inhabited by 4 Negrito tribes viz., the Onge, Great Andamanese, Jarawa & Sentinalese and 2 Mongoloid tribes namely Nicobarese and Shompens.
No of Districts: 3, Village: 501, Town:3
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature: None, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: One, Rajya Sabha Seats: None.
Seat of High Court: Calcutta H.C circuit bench at Port Blair.
Chief Languages: Local dialects, Nicobarese, Benhali, Hindi, Nicobarese, Telugu, Tamil & Malayalam.
Main Towns: Nabagram, Mayabunder, Checkpoint, Herbertahad, Bamboo Flat, Uttara, Wrightmyo, Port Meadows, Shyamnagar, Wandoor.
Geography: Mountains: The islands form the peaks of several submerged mountain range that extends for almost 1000km between Myanmar and Sumatra. Saddle Peak (732m), is the highest peak.
Economy: A total of 48.594 hectares of land is used for agriculture purpose. The principal crops are rice, coconuts and arecanut. Other crops are sugar can, pulses, fruit and vegetables. Spices and rubber are being tried. Fisheries, tourism and ship mending are the areas that can generate jobs. There are 3 daily newspapers and 22 periodicals. Schools total 316 in all. The Islands has a fleet of 57 ships. The installed capability of power generation is 30,000 kw, with fully revenue villages electrified.
(a) Industries: There are 1421 registered small scale village units viz., fish processing factory, furniture, beverages, PVC conduit pipes, soft drinks, paints, etc, and handicraft units
(b) Agricultural Products: Rice, coffee, sugarcane, pulses, coconuts, arecanut.
Transport & Communications:
(a) The islands are accessible by air and sea. It is fine connected to kolkata, Chennai by air and by ocean to Kolkata, Chennai and Vishakapatnam. The UT’s transportation system serves 9 major islands from Diglipur to Campbell Bay. Andaman Trunk Road way services connects Rangat, Mayabunder and Diglipurusing 3 ferry boats. There are 5 wharfs and 41 jetties linking all inhabited islands
(b) There is a network of 866km of blacktarred roads
(c) Airports: Port Blair.
Sanctuaries: Mahatma Gandhi Marine N.Park, Barren ls, Narcodum ls, North Reef ls, and South Sentinel.
Islands: Havelock, Neil, Jolly Buoy, Cinque, Red Skin, Chidiya Tapu (Bird lsland), Viper lsland.
Beaches: Corbyn, Radha Nagar, Karmatang, Cutbert Bay, Ross & Smith, Cove, Wan door Beach.
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