State of HImachal Pradesh-Map-Population-Culture-Geography etc

State of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal-Pradesh-emblem-logo-seal

Capital: Shimla

Area: 55,673 sq km

Date of Formation: 15 Apr. 1948 Statehood 


Neighbouring States: J&K, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand County: China.

Population: 6.856.509, Males: 3.473.892, Females: 3.382.617, Sex-ration: 974, Density: 123, Decadal growth: 12.81%, Population is divided into five major groups: the Gaddis, Gujjars, Pangawals, Kinners and Lahaulis, Literacy: 5,104,506 (total 83.78%, male 90.83%,  female 76.60%).

No of Districts: 12, Villages: 17.495, Towns: 57

Legislative Bodies: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 68, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats. 4 (3+1+0), Rajya Sabha Seats:3

Main Parties: INC, BJP, Himachal Vikas Congress, Lok Jan Shakti Party, Lok tantrik Morcha Himachal Pradesh.

Seat of High Court: Shimla

Chief Languages: Pahari, Hindi, Punjabi, Kinnauri.

Major Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, lslam, Sikh.

Main Towns: Shimla, Dharmashala Kullu, Mandi, Manali, Bilaspur, Keylong, Solan, Kangra, Chamba, Dalhousie.

Geography: 
(a) Rivers: Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Satuj, Yamuna
(b) Mountains: Greater Himalaya, Nag Tibba Range 
(c) Lake/Valley: Kangra Valley, Govind Sagar, Lahul Valley, Rampur Valley, Spiti Valley, Mahasu Valley, Baspa Valley.
(d) Pass: Rohtang 
(e) Parks and Valleys: Kufri-Himalayan Nature Park Sangla 
(f) Lake: Renuka, Rewalsar-Mandilrrigation: 5.83 lakh hectares.

Economy: 
(a) Minerals: Rock salts,, limestones, dolomite, slate, gypsum.
(b) Industries: IT, Bio-technology, cement, fruit processing, electronics, brewery. 
(c) Agricultural Products: wheat, maize, rice, barley, vegetable: ginger, soyabean, potato, oilseed, pulses. Fruits: peach plum, apricot, apple pear, mango, guava, strawberry, litchi. 71% people are occupied in agriculture.

Transport & Communications: 
(a) Road Length: 30264 km. NH-1235kms
(b)Main Railway Station: The only broad gauge railway station is Una: two narrow gauge lines (Pathankot to Jogindernagar and Kalka to Shimla)
(c) Airports: Bhuntar (Kullu Valley), Jubbarhatti (Shimla) and Gaggal (Kangra) Airstrisp: Banikhet (being built).

Shrines: Baba Barabhag Sing Gurudwara-Una, Mata Chintpurni Shri and Baba Balak Nath. Lakshmi Devi-Manimahesh, Jwalamukhi, Jakhu Hanuman temple-Shimla, Paonta Sahib Gurudwara, Bhimkali temple- Sarahan, Bajreswari Devi temple-Kangra.

Shopping: Pashmina shawls are very famous, namdas, gudma, rugs are some of the native attractions. Mcleod Ganj-Tibetan textiles, Tibetan handicrafts, Dalhousie-Kulu shawls and Lakkar Bazar.

Culture: 
(a) Dances: Nati
(b) Festrivals: Dussehra of Kulu-begins on Vijay Dashmi, Shivratri of Mand (Feb/Mar), Minjar Fest in Chamba, Lavi Fair at Rampur, Renuka Fair (Aug/Sep), Lohri or Maghi, Lahual and Phulech- festival of flowers
(c) Crafts: Pashmina and woolen shawls, namdas, gudma, thobis (floor covering made of goat hair), pullas (straw shoes).
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Posted by - Blog Author: 12:36 PM Last Updated at: 12:36 PM

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