Rivers of India - List of Indian Rivers

RIVER SYSTEMS OF INDIA
The rivers of India are classified into 3 Categories:
1. The Himalayan River System: These are perennial in nature, snow-fed rivers. During the rainy season they are generally flooded and carry 70 of the total discharge of river water into the sea. The three great Himalayan river systems are mentioned below.

The Himalayan River System
Name
Source
Length
Enters into
Indus River System
Mountain Kailash in Tibet
(near Mansarovar Lake)
2900km
Arabian Sea
Sutlej
Mansarover Rakas Lakes
1050km
Chenab
Beas
Near Rohtang Pass
470km
Sutlej
Ravi
Near Rohtang Pass
720km
Chenab
Chenab
Near Lahol Spiti District of H.P
960km
Indus
Jhelum
Verinag in Kashmir
725km
Chenab
Ganges River System
Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas
2510km
Bay of Bengal
Yamuna
Yamnotri
1375km
Ganga
Gomti
Gomat Taal (Fulhar Jheel) near Pilibhit
900km
Ganga
Ghagra
Matsatung Glacier
1080km
Ganga
Betwa
Vidhyanchal
480km
Yamuna
Ken
Ahirgawan (Kaimur Range) Jabalpur District
427km
Yamuna
Son
Amarkantak
780km
Ganga
Kosi
Near Gosain Dham Park
730km
Ganga
Chambal
Chambal region in Madhya Pradesh
1050km
Yamuna
Brahmaputra River system
Originates in the Mansarovar Lake in Western Tibet and flows south-west of Tibet as Yarlung Tsangpo River, enters India in Arunachal Pradhesh in rapid descent (where it is called Siang)and slows down in plains of Assam Valley (where it is called Dihang) and is joined by Dibang river and later by Lohit river and thereon gets the name' Brahmaputra'. The principal tributaries of Brahmaputra in India are the Dhansiri, Puthimari, Subansiri, Jia Bhareli, , Pagladiya and the Manas.
2900km
(A Chinese research has confirmed its origination from Angsi Glacier and length 3848km. But it did not notified by Indian authorities)
Bay of Bengal
(Flows southward through Bangladesh into the Ganges Delta and merges with the Padma river, the main distributaries of the Ganges, then the Meghna on the way to Bay of Bengal)

The holy Ganges is the longest river in the country. The 2900 km Brahmaputra is longer than the Ganges but only one-third of the river passes through India. 

2. The Deccan River System: These are seasonal rivers as their flow mainly depends on rainfall. They carry about 30 of total discharge of Indian rivers. The list of important rivers of peninsular India are given in the table below. Godavari River is the largest river system in peninsular India. The Kaveri system is the southernmost in the country. 

3. Coastal River System: These are numerous, comparatively smaller, coastal rivers. There are more than 600 such rivers on the west coast and only a few of such rivers drain into sea near the delta on the east coast. 

4. The Rivers of the Inland drainage basin: These are small rivers in sandy areas of Rajasthan, called rivers of inland drainage basins, with no outlet in sea, except Luni which drains into the Rann of Kutch. Other such important rivers are: Machchu, Rupen, Saraswati, Banas, Ghaggar, etc.

Name
Source
Length
Enters into
Godavari
Western Ghats
1450km
Bay of Bengal
Krishna
Western Ghats
1290km
Bay of Bengal
Kaveri (Cauvery)
Western Ghats
760km
Bay of Bengal
Pennar
Western Ghats
560km
Bay of Bengal
Mahanadi
North-west of the Deccan Plateau
890km
Bay of Bengal
Damodar
North-west of the Deccan Plateau
592km
Bay of Bengal
Narmada
Northernmost portion of the Deccan Plateau
1290km
Arabian Sea
Tapti
Northernmost portion of the Deccan Plateau
724km
Arabian Sea
Sharawathy
Western Ghats  
124km
Arabian Sea
Netravati
Western Ghats  

Arabian Sea
Bharatapuzha
Western Ghats  
250km
Arabian Sea
Periyar
Western Ghats  
300km
Arabian Sea
Pamba
Western Ghats  
176km
Arabian Sea
Tungabhadra
Western Ghats  

Krishna
Sabarmathi
Aravallies

Gulf of Khambat
Posted by - Blog Author: 10:08 PM Last Updated at: 10:08 PM

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