Constitution of India - List of Important Amendments

1st Amendment (1951): Added Ninth Schedule. This amendment provided several new grounds of restrictions to the right to freedom of speech and expression and the right to practise any profession or to carry on any trade or business as contained in Article 19 of the Constitution.
7th Amendment (1956): Re-organisation of States (14 States, 6 UTs).
9th Amendment (1961): Gave effect to the transfer of certain territories to Pakistan in pursuance of the agreement between Governments of India and Pakistan.
10th Amendment (1961): Incorporated Dadra & Nagar Haveli as a UT.
12th Amendment (1962): Incorporated G0a, Daman & Diu as a UT.
13th Amendment (1962): Created Nagaland as a State.
14th Amendment (1962): Inclusion of Pondicherry in the First Schedule.
18th Amendment (1966): Reorganized Punjab into Punjab, Haryana and the UT of Chandigarh.
21st Amendment (1967): Included Sindhi as the 15th Regional Language.
22nd Amendment (1969): Created Meghalaya as a Sub-State within Assam.
24th Amendment (1971): This amendment was passed in the context of a situation that emerged with the verdict in Golaknath's case by Supreme Court Accordingly, 24th Amendment act amended Article 13 and Article 368 to remove all doubts regarding the power of Parliament to amend the Constitution including the Fundamental Rights.
25th Amendment (1971): This amendment further amended Article 31 in the wake of the Banks Nationalisation case.
27th Amendment (1971): Established Manipur and Tripura as states and Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh as UTs.
31st Amendment (1973): The total strength of Lok Sabha was increased from 525 to 545 (on the basis of Census 1971).
36th Amendment (1975): Established Sikkim as a State.
38th Amendment (1975): It sought to make a declaration of Emergency non- judiciable and placed beyond the jurisdiction of courts, the Ordinances and Proclamation of Emergency issued by the President and Governors.
39th Amendment (1975): Placed beyond judicial scrutiny, the election of President, PM and Chairman to either House of Parliament.
42nd Amendment (1976): The working of the Preamble was changed from "Sovereign Democratic Republic" to read as: Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic" The life of the Lok Sabha and all State Assemblies was extended from 5 to 6 years. It laid down 10 Fundamental Duties for all Citizens, existing 12 principles of state policy were expanded and given precedence over Fundamental Rights.
44th Amendment (1978): Deletion of Right to Property from the Fundamental Rights. Restraining the declaration of Emergency only to cases of Armed Rebellion. The restoration of life of L0k Sabha and State Assemblies to 5 years.
52nd Amendment (1985): Added Tenth Schedule which contains provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.
53rd Amendment (1986): Granted statehood to the UT of Mizoram.
55th Amendment (1986): Granted statehood to the UT of Arunachal Pradesh.
56th Amendment (1987): Goa was made a state.
61st Amendment (1989): Reduced the voting age from 21 to 18 years.
71st Amendment (1992): Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were included in the Eighth Schedule.
72nd Amendment (1992): Panchayati Raj Bill passed. C0nstitution of panchayats at Village and other levels. Imposing Direct elections to all seats in Panchayats and reservation of seats for the SCs and STs and fixing of tenure of 5 years for Panchayats.
73rd Amendment (1992): Nagarpalika bill passed. Constitution of three types of municipalities. Reservati0n of seats for SC, ST and women.
74th Amendment (1993): A new Part IX-A relating to the Municipalities was incorporated in the Constitution of three types of Municipalities, ie, Nagai· panchayats for areas In transition from a rural area to city area, MuniCipal Corporations for larger urban areas.
80th Amendment (2000): Deals with an alternative scheme for sharing taxes between the Union and the States.
81st Amendment (2000): Provides that the unfilled vacancies of a year reserved for Sc/ST kept for being filled up in a year as per Article 16, shall be c0nsidered separately for filling vacancies in the succeeding year and the previous list will not be considered for filling the 50 quota of the respective year.
82nd Amendment (2000): Provides that nothing in Article 355 shall prevent the state from making any provisions in favour of the members of SC/ST in Arunachal Pradesh where the whole population is tribal.
84th Amendment (2001): The Act amended Article 82 and 170(3) to read Just the territorial constituencies in the States, without modifying the number of seats allotted to each State in House of People and Assemblies, including the reserved constituencies for SC and ST in 1991.
85th Amendment (2001): Amended Article 16(4A) to provide for consequential seniority in promotion by virtue of rule of reservation for the Government servants belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
86th Amendment (2002): Provides for (i) insertion of a new article 21 A that the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, detarmine.
87th Amendment (2003): This Article provides that in Article 81 of the Constitution, in clause (3), in the provision, in clause (ii). for the figures "1991 ", the figures "2001" shall be substituted.
88th Amendment (2003): This Article provides for the insertion of a new Article 268A which states that taxes on services shall be levied by the Government of India and such tax shall be collected and appropriated by the Governmet. of India and the States in the manner provided in clause (2).
89th Amendment (2003): This Article provides for the amendment of Article 338 and insertion of a new article 338A which provides that there shall be a National commission for ST.
90th Amendment (2003): This Amendment provided that for elections to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assom, the representation of the ST and non-ST in the constituencies including in the Bodoland Territorial ,L"reas District, so notified, and existing prior to the constitution of the Bodoland Territorial Extents District, shall be maintained.
91st Amendment (2003): This Article provides that the total number of Ministers, comprising the PM, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed fifteen per cent of the total number of members of the House of the people.
92nd Amendment (2003): This Article provides for the inclusion of four new languages, viz. Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
93rd Amendment (2005): In this Amendment, a provision has been inserted that the State (ie, parliament or other legisla- tures) can make laws for the advancement of the SC, ST or the OBCs of citizens in matters of admission to educational institutions, Including private unaided institutions.
94th Amendment (2006): This article provides that in article 164 of the Constitution in clause (1), In the provixio. for the word "Bihar", the words "Chhattisgarh"and "Jharkhand" shall be substituted.
95th Amendment (2010 ): Extended the reservation of seats in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies for SC and ST from sixty to seventy years.
96th Amendment (2011): Substituted "Odia" for" Oriya"
97th Amendment (2012): Added the words "or co-operative societies" in Article 19(1)(c) and inserted article 43B ie, Promotion of Co-0perative Societies and added Part-IXB i.e. The Co-0perative Societies.
98th Amendment (2013): To empower governor of Karnataka to take steps to develop Hyderabad-Karnataka region.

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