Special Security Forces - BSF, CRPF, NSG, CISF, NIA, RAW etc.

Anti-Terrorist Squad: It was created by Government of Maharastra on July 8, 2004. The ATS works towards collecting information regarding anti-national elements active in parts of Maharashtra, coordinating with Central information agencies, like IB, RAW and exchange info with them, coordinating with special squads of other States, tracing and eradication activities of mafia and detection of rackets of counterfeit currency notes and smuggling narcotic substances. 

Assam Rifles: AR currently has 46 battalions under the control of the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and they perform multiple roles like the provision of internal security under the control of the army through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations, provision of backing to the civil power in times of emergency, and the provision of communications, medicinal aid and education in remote areas. During war they are used as a combat force to secure rear areas if required. 

Border Security Force: BSF is responsible for guarding India's land borders during peacetime and preventing trans-border crimes. It is a central para-military force operating under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. Established on 01-12-1965. 

Central Industrial Security Force: Established in its present form on 15-06-1983. The CISF provides security cover to industrial units located all over India like atomic power plants, defence units, space installations, mints, refineries and oil fields, major ports etc. 

Central Reserve Police Force: Functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs, the CRPF's primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency. It came into existence as the Crown Representative's Police on 27-07-1939. After Indian Independence, it named the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) on enactment of the CRPF Act on December 28, 1949. The role of CRPF in the General Elections has been very significant and vital. 

Commando Battalions For Resolute Action (Cobra): In 2008 the Government approved the raising of 10 battalions of a specialized Force named CoBRA in the CRPF over a period of three years, including two during 2008-09 and four each in 2009-ID & 2010-11. The CoBRAs are trained and equipped for commando and guerilla/jungle warfare, short and intelligence based swift operations, and are proposed to be located mainly in areas affected by left-wing extremism. 

Garud Commando Force: It is an Indian Air Force unit, primarily protects Indian Air Force installations from terrorist attacks. It was unveiled in February 2004. 

Ghatak Force: It is a special unit of the Indian Army specialising in counter terrorism operations who are trained for long range patrols and raids.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police: It is a paramilitary force conceived on 24-10- 1962 for security along the Indo-Tibetan Border. The ITBP is trained in mountaineering, nuclear, biological and chemical disasters and disaster management. ITBP have been deployed in UN peacekeeping missions. 

MARCOS: It is a unit of the Indian Navy force. They saw action at the time of Operation Pawan in 1988. MARCOS was also a part of Operation Cactus in 1988. MARCOS was also been deployed in Wular Lake which was a major infiltration point for terrorists. 

National Investigation Agency: NIA is the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in India. NIA was born through the enactment of NIA Act on 31- 12-2008. NIA deals with militancy and insurgency and Left-wing extremism, various forms of terrorist attacks and bomb blasts, infiltration from across the borders, complex inter-State and international linkages, other activities like the smuggling of arms and drugs, pushing in of fake Indian currency notes and more such tasks. 

National Security Guard: NSG is India's premier counter-terrorism force, formed by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National Security Guard Act of 1985. The NSG operates under the Ministry of Home Affairs and is headed by the Director General of the Indian Police Service (IPS). The NSG members are also known as Black Cats because of the black drill cover-ails and balaclavas (assault helmets) they wear. The NSG's roles include guarding VIPs, engaging terrorists and responding to hijacking and piracy, rescuing hostages, neutralizing terrorist threats to vital installations, and conducting anti-sabotage checks,. 

Rapid Action Force (RAF): The Rapid Action Force (RAF) is a specialised wing of the Indian CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) established on 11 December 1991 and became fully operational in Oct 1992. RAF was constituted to deal with riots & strife. Currently it has 10 battalions RAF has built bridges with the public by executing prompt rescue and relief operations during floods, cyclones, earthquakes and outbreak of epidemics in various parts of the country. It has forcefully acted against communal violence, as well as terrorist attacks incident like Mumbai Terror Attacks November 26th 2008. The liberation of the Oberoi Trident and the Taj Mahal hotels is accredited to RAF. 

Research and Analysis Wing: Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is India's external intelligence agency. It was formed in Sep, 1968. Its primary function is collection of external intelligence, counterterrorism and covert operations. In addition, it is accountable for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign govts, corporations, and persons, in order to advise Indian foreign policy-makers. 

Special Frontier Force: The Special Frontier Force (SFF) is a paramilitary force that was conceptualized in the post Sino-Indian war period as a guerrilla force. SFF has 10,000 personnel. Now India's external intelligence agency, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) governs it. 

Special Protection Group (SPG): It is one of the many law enforcement agencies formed in 1985. It is the administrative protection agency of the Government of India responsible for the security of the Indian Prime Minister and other top officials and their families.

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