State of UttarakhandCapital: Dehra Dun (provisional)
Area: 53,484 sq km
Date of Formation: 9th Nov, 2000 as Uttaranchal: renamed Uttarakhand in 2007.
Neighboring States: UP, Himachal Pradesh, Countries: china, Nepal.
Population: 10,116,752, Males: 5,154,178, Females: 4,962,574, Sex-ratio: 963, Density: 189, Decadal growth: 19.17%, Literacy: 6,997,433 (total 79.63, male 88.33%, female 70.70%).
No of Districts: 17, Villages:15,761, Towns: 86
New districts: Yamunotri, Kotdwar, Didihat, Raniket.
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Unicameral: Assembly Seats: 70, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats:5 (4+1+0), Rajya Sabha Seats:3, Jurisdiction of High Court: Uttaranchal.
Main Political Parties: INC, BJP, BSP, Uttarakhand Kranti Dal, NCP.
Seat of High Court: Nainital.
Chief Languages: Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni.
Major Religions: Hinduism, Sikhism.
Main Towns: Dehra Dun, Gairsen, Gopeshwar, Pithoragarh, Rudrapur Haridwar, Almora, Nainital, Mussoorie, Rishikesh, and Haldwari-cum-Kathgodam.
(a) Rivers: Yamuna, Bhagirathi, Ganga, Ramganga, Tons, and Kail
(b) Mountains: Shiwalik range, Great Himalaya, Garhwal Hills, Kumaon Hills
(c) Peaks: Nanda Devi-7817m, Kamet-7756m, Badrinath-7138m, Dunagiri-7066m, Bandarpunch-63020
(d) Passes: Thaga La, Tsang Chok La, Muling La, Lampiya Dhura Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Darma Pass, Mangsha Dhura Pass
(e) Hill Stations: Mussoorie- (Lal Tiba, Gun Hill, Kempty Falls, Lake, Surkunda Devi Temple), Dehra Dun (IFRI, Sahasradhar(a), Chakrata, Nainital & Kumaon (mountaineering), Ranikhet, Bhim Tal, Naukuchia Tal, Bageshwar, and Kausani.
(f) Six of the seven national parks including Corbett National Park, Rajaji National Park Nanda Devi National Park Valley of Flowers, Kedarnath Sanctuary are in Uttaranchal.
(a) Minerals: limestone, rock phosphate, copper graphite, dolomite, soapstone, magnesite, gypsum, etc
(b) Industries: forest-based, handicraft
(c) Agricultural Products
Transport & Communications:
(a) Road Legth: 29,939km
(b) Main Railway Stations: Dehra Dun, Hardwar, Roorkee, Kotdwar, Kashipur, Udhamsingh, Nagar, Kathgodam, Haldwani
(c) Airport Jolly Grant (Dehra Dun). Airstrips: Pantnagar (Udham Singh Nagar), (Naini-Seni) (Pithoragarh), Gauchar (Chamoli) and Chinyalisaur (Uttarkashi) - are being built) Pawan Hans service: Rudraprayag to Kedarnath.
(a) Dances: folk dances
(b) Festivals: Kumbh Mela/ Ardh Kumbh Mela (Hardwar-every 12th / 6th year interval): Devidhura Mela (Chamawat), Nanda Devi Mela (Almora), Gauchar Mela (Chamoli), Baisakhi & Mela (Uttarkashi), Uttaraini Mela (Bageshwar), Vishu Mela (Jaunsar Vavar), Peeran-Kaliyar (Roorkee), Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yaatra-every 12th year, and Puranagiri Mela.
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