Endangered Species in India - List of Endangered Animals and Species

Endangered Species in India
India has a staggering variety of flora & fauna, comprising some of the rarest species in existence on the planet. There is so far a dearth of information for the general public on the position, environmental science, and major threats to the endangered species of our country. 

As per the latest (2011) quantitative evaluation done by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (lUCN) there are 57 critically endangered species of animals in India.

Critically endangered is the highest risk category assigned by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List to wild species. There are 5 quantitative criteria to determine whether a taxon is threatened. A tax0n is critically endangered when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the following criteria: 
  • I. Populations have declined or will decrease, by greater than 80 over the last 10 years or three generations. 
  • II. Have a restricted geographical range. 
  • III. Small population size of less than 250 individuals and continuing decline at 25 in 3 years or one generation. 
  • IV. Very small or restricted population of fewer than 50 mature individuals. 
  • V. High probability of extinction in the wild.
Critically Endangered Species
Critically Endangered Birds 

White-bellied Heron - Ardea insignis Spoon-billed Sandpiper - Eurynorhynchus pygmeus 
Siberian Crane - Grus leucogeranus 
White-rumped Vulture-Gyps bengalensis 
Indian Vulture - Gyps indicus 
Slender-billed Vulture - Gyps tenuirostris 
Forest Owlet - Heteroglaux blewitti 
Bengal Florican - Houbaropsis bengalensis 
Himalayan Quail - Ophrysia superciliosa 
Jerdon's Courser - Rhinoptilus bitorquatus 
Pink-headed Duck - Rhodonessa caryophyllacea 
Red-headed Vulture- Sarcogyps calvus 
Sociable Lapwing - Vanellus gregarius 

Critically Endangered Animals 
(Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fishes)

Knifetooth Sawfish-Anoxypristis cusspidata 
Four-toed Terrapin - Batagur baska 
Red-crowned Roofed Turtle-Batagurkachuga 
Namdapha Flying Squirrel- Biswamoy opterus biswasi 
Pondicherry Shark - Carcharhinus hemiodone 
Large Rock-rat - Cremnomys elvira 
Andaman White-toothed Shrew - Crocidura andamanensis 
Jenkin's Shrew - Crocidura jenkinsi 
Nicobar Shrew - Crocidura nicobarica 
Leatherback - Dermochelys coriacea 
Sumatran Rhinoceros - Dicerorhinus sumatrensis 
Hawksbill Turtle - Eretmochelys imbricata; - Fejervarya murthii 
Fish-eating Crocodile -Gavialis gangeticus 
Ganges Shark - Glyphis gangeticus -Indirana gundia; -Indirana phrynoderma; - Ingerana charlesdarwini, Deccan Labeo - Labeo potail, - Micrixalus kottigeharensis 
Kondana Rat - Millardia kondana - Philautus chalazodes; - Philautus griete - Philautus ponmudi; - Philautus sanctisilvaticus; - Philautus shillongensis; - Philautus sp 'Amboli Forest'; - Philautus 
sp'Munnar' 
Pygmy Hog - Porcula salvania, Leichhardt's Sawfish - Pristis microdon, Narrowsnout Sawfish - Pristis zijsron; Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus 
Javan Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros sondaicus 
Malabar Civet - Viverra civettina 
Posted by - Blog Author: 10:48 PM Last Updated at: 10:48 PM

Share This Post

0 comments:

Post a Comment