Inventions and Inventors - List of Scientists and their Inventions

Inventions and Inventors

Invention
Year
Inventor
Country
1
Adding Machine
1642
Pascal
France
2
Aeroplane
1903
Wright Brothers
US
3
Ballpoint Pen
1888
C Biro
Hungary
4
Barometer
1634
E Torricelli
Italy
5
Bicycle
1839
K Macmillan
Scotland
6
Centigrade Scale
1742
A Celsius
France
7
Cinematograph
1891
Thomas Alva Edison
US
8
Computer
1834
Charles Babbage
Britain
9
Cine Camera
1889
Friese Green
Britain
10
Cinema
1895
AL and JL Lumiere
France
11
Clock (mechanical)
1725
Hsing and Ling-Tsan
China
12
Clock (pendulum)
1657
C Hugyens
Netherlands
13
Diesel engine
1892
Rudolf Diesel
Germany
14
Dynamite
1831
Michael Faraday
England
15
Electric Iron
1882
HW Seeley
US
16
Electric Lamp
1879
Thomas Alva Edison
US
17
Electromagnetic
1823
W Sturgeon
England
18
Film (with sound)
1923
Dr Lee de Forest
US
19
Fountain Pen
1884
LE Waterman
US
20
Gas Lighting
1792
William Murdoch
Scotland
21
Gramophone
1878
Thomas Alva Edison
US
22
Jet Engine
1937
Sir Frank Whittle
England
23
Lift
1852
EG Otis
US
24
Locomotive
1804
Richard Trevithick
England
25
Machine Gun
1861
Richard Gatling
US
26
Match (safety)
1855
JE Lundstrom
Sweden
27
Microphone
1827
Charles Wheatstone
England
28
Microscope (compound)
1590
Z Janssen
Netherlands
29
Motor Car (petrol)
1885
Karl Benz
Germany
30
Motorcycle
1884
Edward Butler
England
31
Neon Lamp
1910
G Claude
France
32
Nylon
1937
Dr WH Carothers
US
33
Parachute
1783
Louis Lenormand
France
34
Photography (paper)
1841
WH Fox Talbot
England
35
Pneumatic bicycle Tyre
1888
JB Dunlop
Scotland
36
Printing Press
1450
J Gutenberg
Germany
37
Radar
1922
Dr AH Taylor & LC Young
US
38
Radium
1898
Marie and Pierre Curie
France
39
Rayon
1910
Viscose Co
US
40
Razor (safety)
1901
KC Gillet
US
41
Razor (electric)
1931
Col J Schick
US
42
Refrigerator
1851
J Harrison & A Catlin
Australia, US
43
Revolver
1835
Samuel Colt
US
44
Rubber (vulcanized)
1839
Charles Goodyear
US
45
Rubber (waterproof)
1823
Charles Macintosh
Scotland
46
Safety Lamp
1816
Sri Humphry Davy
England
47
Safety Pin
1849
W Hunt
US
48
Sewing Machine
1830
B Thimmonnier
France
49
Scooter
1919
G Bradshaw
England
50
Ship (steam)
1775
JC Perier
France
51
Ship (turbine)
1894
Sir Charles Parsons
England
52
Shorthand (modern)
1837
Sir Isaac Pitman
England
53
Spinning Frame
1769
Sir Richard Arkwright
England
54
Steam Engine (piston)
1705
Thomas Newcomen
England
55
Steam Engine
1782
James Watt
Scotland
56
Stainless Steel
1913
Harry Brearley
England
57
Submarine
1776
D Bushnell
US
58
Tank
1914
Sir Ernest Swington
England
59
Telegraph Code
1837
Samuel FB Morse
US
60
Telephone
1876
Alexander Graham Bell
US
61
Telescope
1608
Hans Lippershey
Netherlands
62
Television (successful demonstration)
1926
John Logie Baird
Scotland
63
Terylene
1941
J Whinefield & J Dickson
England
64
Thermometer
1593
Galileo Galilei
Italy
65
Tractor
1900
Benjamin Holt
US
66
Transistor
1947
Bardeen, Shockley & Brattain
US
67
Typewriter
1867
C Sholes
US
68
Radio Valve
1904
Sir JA Fleming
Britain
69
Watch
1791
AL Breguet
France
70
X-ray
1895
Wilhelm Roentgen
Germany
71
Zip Fastener
1891
WL Judson
US



Medical Discoveries




Discovery
Year
Made by
Country
1
Antibiotic (Penicillin)
1928
Alexander Fleming
Scotland
2
Antiseptic
1867
Joseph Lister
Scotland
3
Aspirin
1899
Dr Felix Hoffman
Germany
4
Blood Circulation
1628
William Harvey
Britain
5
Blood Group
1900-1902
K Landsteiner
Austria
6
Blood Transfusion
1625
Jean-Baptiste Denys
France
7
Cholera and TB Germs
1883
Robert Koch
Germany
8
Diphtheria Germs
1883-84
Klebs and Loffler
Germany
9
Electro Cardiogram (ECG)
1903
William Einthoven
Dutch
10
Heart-Ling Machine
1953
John Heynsham Gibbon
US
11
Heart transplant
1967
Christian Barnard
South Africa
12
Kidney Machine
1944
WJ Kolf
Netherlands
13
Malaria Germs
1880
A Laveran
France
14
Organ Transplant
1953
John P Merril
USA
15
Scan (CAT)
1973
Godfrey Hounsfield
England
16
Sphygmomanometer
1896
Scipione Riva-Rocci
Italy
17
Stethoscope
1819
Rene Laennec
France
18
Thermometer (clinical)
1867
Sir Thomas Allbutt
England
19
Ultrasound
1950
Ian Donald
Ireland
Posted by - Blog Author: 6:45 PM Last Updated at: 6:45 PM

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