General Awareness-Biology Notes-General Biology Online - Part 2

General Awareness-Biology Notes-General Biology Online - Part 2

General Awareness - General Biology Online - Biology Notes for All Competitive Exams - Part II

Vitamin and Derived Foods

  • Vitamins A: Retinol & Carotene
  • Vitamin A: Carrot - night blindness.
  • Vitamin D: Caleiferal
  • Vitamin D: Sunlight on human skin-Rickets, Softness 'of bones under development of teeth of in children.
  • Vitamin E: Tocopherol
  • Vitamin E: Growing seeds - in potency in humans
  • Vitamin K: Tamato
  • Vitamin K: -Grain - Blood clotting
  • Vitamin B1 -Thiamine
  • Vitamin B1: Cereals white flour - Berry berry
  • Vitamin B2: Riboflavin
  • Vitamin B2: Dairy - redness of eye blurred vision.
  • Vitamin B3: Niacen
  • Vitamin B3: Meat - Pellagra
  • Vitamin B5: Pantothenic acid
  • Vitamin B5: Beans - Focial dermatites
  • Vitamin B6: Pyridoxine
  • Vitamin B6: Whole - convulsions in child.
  • Vitamin B12: Cobalamine
  • Vitamin B12: Liver, Kidney. Red blood cell production - Pernicious anemia
  • Vitamin C: Ascorbic acid
  • Vitamin C: Citrus, tomato - Scurvy
  • Vitamin P: Nicotina mide
  • Vitamin P: Lemon, orange - Growth of bones produces poison in food

Human Diseases Caused by Fungi - Fungal Diseases

  • 1. Ringworm caused by Microsporum, Trichophyton by direct contact from unbathed cats and dogs or objects handled by infected individuals.
  • 2.Athlete's foot caused by Trichophyton by Bad foot hygiene where skin remains warm and moist for long period, fungi finds optimal condition, invade dead outer layer of skin.

Human Diseases Caused by Viruses - Viral Diseases

  • 1. Smallpox caused by Variola Virus by direct contact (droplets), indirected by infected articles.
  • 2. Chicken pox caused by Varicella virus by direct contact (droplets) indirected by infected objects.
  • 3. Common cold caused by Rhinovirus by contact.
  • 4. Influenza/Flu caused by Orthomixo-virus by contact (droplets) virus transmitted through discharge from respiratory tracts of persons infected with disease
  • 5. Mumps caused by Mumps virus by direct contact, virus in Saliva and secretion of nose invades salivary glands.
  • 6. Viral encephalitis caused by Encephalitis virus (arbovirus) by some domestic animals reservoir of virus, transmitted by mosquito bite to man.
  • 7. Poliomyelitis caused by Poliovirus by contact, houseflies, fleas, food and water.
  • 8. Rabies (Hydrophobia) caused by Rabies virus (Rhabdovirus) by Bite a mad (rabid) dog.
  • 9. Dengue fever or breakbone fever caused by Dengue virus (arbovirus) by Mosquito (Aedes) bite.
  • 10. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by Human T-cell Lenkemia virus (HTLV-IlI) also called LAV (Retrovirus) by blood and sperm among homosexuals, heterosexuals, intravenous drug users, haemophiliacs, promiscuous individuals and prostitutes.

Human Diseases Caused by Bacteria - Bacterial Diseases

  • 1. Septic sore throat caused by Streptococcus Sp by Bacteria infect throat and nasal membranes by droplets and direct contact.
  • 2. Diphtheria caused by Irregular rod (Corynebacterium diphtheria) by Bacteria infect respiratory tract by carrier, through contact, droplets and food items.
  • 3. Pneumonia caused by Diplococcus pneumonia by Bacteria transmitted to respiratory tract, including the lungs by droplet infection.
  • 4. Tuberculosis caused by Irregular rod (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) by Bacteria transmitted to lungs, bones and other organs by direct contact droplet infection, food and milk.
  • 5. Plague or Bubonic caused by Short rod (Yersinia pestis) by Rat flea spreads disease from rat to man.
  • 6. Tetanus or Lock-Jaw caused by Clostridium tetani by Bacteria in soil, enter through wound.
  • 7. Typhoid or enteric fever caused by, Salmonella typhi by Flies, food, faces water and carriers.
  • 8. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae by Flies food, stools, water and carriers.
  • 9. Bacillary dysentery caused by short rod (Shigella dysenteriae)by Flies, food, faeces, water and carriers.
  • 10. Whooping cough caused by small short rod (Hemophilus pertussis) by Droplets protected during
  • 11. coughing and sneezing.
  • 12. Syphilis caused by Spiral-shaped organism (Treponema pallidam) by direct contact, chiefly sexual intercourse.
  • 13. Leprosy caused by Mycobacterium Leprae by long and close contact with infected persons
  • 14. Botulism caused by Clostridium botulinum by organism produces poison in food.

Human Diseases Caused by Protozoans - Protozoans Diseases 

  • 1. Amoebic dysentery (Amoebiasis) caused by Entamoeba histolytica by Transmission from man to man through ingestion of cysts in drinking water vegetables and food contaminated with faeces.
  • 2. Diarrhea 'Giardiasis' caused by Giardia intestinalis by Transmission from man to man through ingestion of cysts in drinking water vegetables and food contaminated with faces.
  • 3. Malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax by Transmitted to man by bite of an infected female auophelise mosquito.
  • 4. Sleeping sickness (Trypanosomiasis) caused by Trypanosoma brucei by Transmitted by bite of tse-tse fly.
  • Click for Part I

4/Post a Comment/Comments

  1. so many mistakes are there in your articles, rectify it
    indian polity : emergency povisions are taken from govt of india act 1935 you mentioned that it is from german weimer constitutions
    and preamble concept is taken from USA not from USSR.
    Biology: Human diseased caused by virus small pox-varicella and chicken pox-variola you mentioned viseversa

    i think so many mistakes likes this......please rectify it .....otherwise the articles that are provided by you is good
    thank you

    1. The mistake in above mentioned article is source of Preamble. I rectified it. Remaining facts you have mentioned about source of emergency provisions, Chicken pox virus are wrong. Please check it. Thanks

  2. YA emergency provision is taken from weimer constitution germany.

  3. Articles about small pox and chicken pox is correct only.
    Guys study materials is life changing as per competitive exam is concerned please don't play with it...


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