The Causes and Effects of Global Warming
The five key indicators shows vital signs of global climate change of our planet.
1. Arctic Sea Ice: Arctic sea ice is now declining at a rate of 11.5 % per decade, comparative to the year of 1979 to 2OOO average. The Arctic sea ice reaches its minimum each September.
2. Carbon dioxide: increasing 399 parts per million. Carbon dioxide (CO,) is an important heat-rapping (greenhouse) gas, which is emanates through human activities such as deforestation and burning fossil fuels, natural processes such as respiration and volcanic eruptions
3. Global Temperature: Increasing 1.4 deg F (17° C.) temp from 1880. The year 2013 tied with 2009 and 2006 for the seventh warmest year since 1880.
4. Sea Level: Rising 3.16mm per year. Sea level rise is caused by two factors related to global warming: the added water coming from the melting of ice in land, and the expansion of sea water as it warms up.
5. Land Ice: Data from NASA's Grace satellites show that the land ice sheets in both Antarctica and Greenland are losing mass. The continent of Antarctica has been keep on losing more than 100 cubic kilometers of ice per year since 2002
The International Conventions (regarding Global Warming)
- UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), New York, 09.05.92; Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Rio-de-Janeiro.
- Cartegena Protocol on Biosafety under CBD (29.01.2000).
- Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC (Kyoto, 11.12.1997); Amendment to Annex-B of the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC (Nairobi, 17.11. 2006)
- Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Water Courses (New York, 21.05.1997)
- Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (Rotterdam, 10.09.1998)
- Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Stockholm, 22.05. 2001)
- International Tropical Timber Agreement, 2006 (Geneva, 27.01.2006)
- UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Monteg0 Bay, 10.12.1982)
- UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (10.12.1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks (New York, 04.08.1995).
- The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits. Japan. 29 October 2010.
- International Conference on Environment Pollution and Prevention (lCEPP) 2013.
- Minamata Conf., 2013, Japan, - related to addressing the pollution caused by Mercury, the notorious heavy metal.